Friday, June 27, 2014

Book Discussion: The Discovery of the Child by Maria Montessori; Chapter 5 - Education in Movement

    1. The exercises of practical life are purposeful, engaging the intellect, develop exactitude; whereas the movements of a gym class have no purposeful end, are not natural movements, and develop gross motor skills only
    2. Analysis of movement - breaking up the isolated series of movements
    Economy of movement - getting rid of superfluous movements; appealing to the sensitive periods for movement and order. It could appeal to their need for the refinement of senses.
    The precision attracts the child as the conscious worker, because they desire perfection
    1. The characteristics of the end result and the process of the exercises of practical life is that the child gains a sense of peace and health, developing choice and will
    2. Application to real life:
      1. Applying movements to real life
      2. Integrates movements into our own thoughts
      3. Develops a sense of respect between children and adults
      4. Develops the sense of attention
      5. Leads children to discriminate the sequence of activities
    3. Why is freedom important?
      1. We do not know exactly which skill they are developing, so we have to provide them the opportunity to work freely with great concentration
      2. Exercises the will
      3. Works with intelligence, structuring the formation of the self
      4. Aware of actions within the environment-- consciousness of actions
      5. Develops responsibility and confidence
      6. Conscious of community
      7. Provides intrinsic motivation

    The child is also free from the control of adults to engage the authentic quest of self-perfection, with which adults so frequently interfere. Only with liberty can the child be transformed into a thoughtful and diligent human. The child becomes prompted by their own inward thought rather than the prompting of adults. Leave the child free, and they will see success greater than they would have achieved under the guidance of an adult.

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